Citrix XenServer – Slow Network Performance in WinPE Fixed

My Automation Framework based upon MDT works on all the major hypervisors from Citrix, Microsoft, Nutanix and VMware. The biggest pain point for me conduction tests on XenServer is the lack of support for Windows Pre-installation Environments also know as WinPE. I have tried many time together with other community friends without any luck. At the end I just gave up and excepted the slowness.

Yesterday I got that A-HA moment thanks to the post Improve MDT Network Performance on XenServer by Tim Riegler. That was the fire I needed to revisit the problem and figure it out once and for all.

I’m also in the process of rewriting the lab guides for my Automation Framework Master Class in Copenhagen and this bug really slows things down. Read along to learn more, I was actually so eager to get this out in the wild that I woke up at 04:00 am this morning.

Why doesn’t it work?

The Citrix XenServer WinPE drivers has been created in a very strange way. When working with drivers in MDT, especially WinPE we want to add as few drivers as possible. Below is the drivers I’m currently using for Citrix & VMware (Nutanix needs to be added manually because it has conflicts and will BSOD Windows 2012 R2).

Citrix XenServer WinPE

When you boot up on the boot ISO you can verify that the Realtek drivers is used instead of the Citrix Paravirtualized driver as shown below.

Citrix XenServer WinPE

Citrix XenServer WinPE

Hey dude, your missing some drivers. Yes I know, let’s be quick and dirty and just import all the x86 and x64 drivers from C:\Program Files\Citrix\XenTools\Drivers.

Citrix XenServer WinPE

Now let update the boot ISO by right clicking the deployment share and select Update Deployment ShareCompletely regenerate the boot images.

Citrix XenServer WinPE

Copy the new boot ISO to your ISO repository and start the VM again.

WHAT! Not again…

Citrix XenServer WinPE

So all the confusion here is because by default MDT is using the All Drivers profile, but only Includes drivers for network and mass storage are selected.

Citrix XenServer WinPE

Guess what, to get Citrix XenServer working you need Include all system-class drivers in the selection profile.

Citrix XenServer WinPE

What’s the reason for this going wrong for some many experts?

In my case the problem was missing a driver even though I had a Selection Profile with Include all drivers from the selection profile selected. For others I guess they had all the drivers imported, but didn’t have Include all drivers or the System-Class drivers selected. I told you it was Stranger Things.

Now let update the boot ISO once again by right clicking the deployment share and select Update Deployment ShareCompletely regenerate the boot images.

Citrix XenServer WinPE

What’s the impact?

It’s HUGE, the first stage of a MDT deployment copies the OS WIM which is at least 4GB, so a fast deployment requires a fast network and multiple vCPUs. Let’s look into some stats.

1 vCPU – 2GB of Memory

XS Realtek // Complete DC deployment 24:39 // 0-100% 07:04

XS Paravirtualized // Complete DC deployment 21:10 // 0-100% 03:42

2 vCPU – 2GB of Memory

XS Realtek // Complete DC deployment 23:22 // 0-100% 06:47

XS Paravirtualized // Complete DC deployment 19:30 // 0-100% 03:12

It might seems like a small different at first glance, but be aware that I didn’t test with Package Updates. My PoC deployment went from 2 to 1 hour while Tim reports going from 8 to 2 hours total.

Update 29/01/2018

There seems to be mixed results in the community, so below is a PowerShell script to automate the process. I also suspect that the latest version of Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK) is required, which explains the mixed results. Please uninstall, download and install the latest version.

Update 15/02/2018

It turns out that it’s only the 8.1.0 driver from XenServer Tools 7.0 that works.

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Friday 24th of September 2021

3 thoughts on “Citrix XenServer – Slow Network Performance in WinPE Fixed”

  1. Stupid question.. But how are you running Windows in Paravirt?? The whole point of PV is that it’s only partially virtualised by chaining through the linux kernel? It’s not doing full HVM which is what is needed for Windows, BSD, etc..? Or has something changed recently?

  2. I had driver not loading issue as well.
    WDS->Properties->TFTP tab->change block size to 1024 and untick “Enable Variable Windo Extension”

    This fixed my issue.

  3. You can get gigabit the easy way by emulating an e1000 nic. Should be enough to speed things up quite a bit:

    xe vm-param-set platform:nic_type=”e1000″ uuid=


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